With our approach we aim at modelling the interaction between fisheries and stock spatial dynamics and assessing the interlinked consequences on both the vessel economy and the viability and sustainability of the harvesting (including the issue of energy efficiency for greener fisheries). We explore alternative fishing effort allocation scenarios and management options. As such, we are designing a benchmark tool for conducting management strategy evaluations to capture short-term economic reactions from individual fisherman tactical decision-making.
In the growing marine spatial planning (MSP) legislative context, concurrent uses of the sea are constraining the possibilities of displacing each vessel´s fishing activities. These new constraints call for studies that would empower the fishing industry with the right tools and knowledge to engage in fair MSP dialogues. We should consider the impact assessment and scenario evaluation of wider marine cross-sector use, exploitation of the marine environment and competition for space in a spatial evaluation tool and our ongoing evaluation is precisely dedicated to investigating this aspect.
One current application considers the case of the international western Baltic Sea area and the ongoing spatial marine plans including offshore windmill farms and EU Natura 2000 conservation areas. For the first time, some cross-national VMS data have been processed in the same framework and the movement of around 300 large fishing vessels (Danish, German and Swedish vessels) were informed and simulated individually, each vessel displacing and harvesting on an hourly time step over a projection period of 5 years. A fine-scale fishing pressure in space and time were then deduced and the effect of redirecting the effort towards some new areas and other benthic habitats evaluated.
Interesting results are emerging from the work and for example, the simulated dynamic of vessels interlinked to harvested fish stocks led to higher revenues from catches which could offset the additional costs from effort displacement, with some side benefits from releasing the pressure on the fish stocks and marine habitats. At the individual scale, some vessels were detected strongly stressed and retracted, sometimes offering new opportunities for a part of the participants. These results are a valuable basis for engaging a dialogue with stakeholders and managers while a support tool for facilitating the understanding of the dynamics, reproducing the observed patterns and evaluating alternative scenarios, as described and applied to the Baltic Sea area.
This study is conducted in association with a number of EU research projects and the development of a spatial explicit bio-economic model that covers both many stocks and fisheries. We are convinced that the development of such an approach and its current application has the potential to form near future developments in EU from the perspective of the fisheries within the context of maritime spatial planning.